Explore The Global Goals

  • Goal 1
  • Goal 2
  • Goal 3
  • Goal 4
  • Goal 5
  • Goal 6
  • Goal 7
  • Goal 8
  • Goal 9
  • Goal 10
  • Goal 11
  • Goal 12
  • Goal 13
  • Goal 14
  • Goal 15
  • Goal 16
  • Goal 17
  • Goal 1

    End poverty in all its forms everywhere
    • 836 million people still live in extreme poverty
    • About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day
    • The overwhelming majority of people living on less than $1.25 a day belong to two regions: Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa
    • High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries
    • One in four children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age
    Being born into poverty means every part of your life is harder. From surviving to your 5th birthday, to getting a good education, having enough nutritious food and clean water to stay healthy, finding work and supporting your own family – the odds are stacked against you. Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.
  • Goal 2

    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
    • Globally, one in nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished
    • The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 per cent of the population is undernourished.
    • Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly.
    • Southern Asia faces the greatest hunger burden, with about 281 million undernourished people. In sub-Saharan Africa, projections for the 2014-2016 period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23 per cent.
    • Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 per cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
    • One in four of the world’s children suffer stunted growth. In developing countries the proportion can rise to one in three.
    • 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
    When you’re hungry it’s hard to think about much else. You can’t concentrate at school or at work, especially if you don’t know where your next meal will come from. It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting people-centred rural development and protecting the environment. Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of opportunities. The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.
  • Goal 3

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
    • By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents 3.7
    • By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
    • Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
    • By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
    • Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
    • Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
    • Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
    It’s the one thing we all take for granted until we feel unwell: our health. The world has made incredible advances in medicine, but far too many people don’t have access to even basic healthcare.
  • Goal 4

    Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
    • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes
    • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and preprimary education so that they are ready for primary education
    • By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university.
    • By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries
    • By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing states
    Nelson Mandela said “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. A quality education gives us all the chance to build the life we want, and for children born into poverty, it’s an essential part of their escape route. Getting every child into school is just one part of the goal – it’s also about making sure the education they get once they are there is good quality, and that they finish school. Girls are especially at risk of dropping out because of early marriage, but poverty also forces many children out of the classroom and into work.
  • Goal 5

    Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
    • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
    • Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
    • Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
    • Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.
    • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
    • Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.
    No matter how you cut it – socially, economically, legally – girls and women in the poorest countries get a raw deal. Simply put, poverty is sexist and we won’t end it until girls and women everywhere are able to reach their full potential. Making things more equal for girls and women in the poorest countries would also help end extreme poverty faster. That’s because when women rise out of poverty, they are more likely to take their families, communities and even whole countries with them.
  • Goal 6

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
    • By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
    • By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
    • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.
    • By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
    • By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.
    • By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.
    Many of us don’t think twice about turning on a tap to get clean water, but for 750 million people worldwide that’s not an option. And incredibly, more people have access to a mobile phone than a toilet – a staggering 2.5 billion don’t have decent sanitation facilities. Achieving this goal could change that. It would not only reduce illnesses, help get more girls into school and free up women’s time, but could boost the global economy by $32 billion a year.
  • Goal 7

    Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
    • By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
    • By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
    • By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
    • By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
    • By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support
    If you’ve ever experienced a power cut, you’ll know how challenging even the most simple tasks seem. 1.3 billion people live without any access to electricity at all. That means children struggle to find light to do homework, families cook food over smoky open fires, hospitals can’t power life-saving equipment or refrigerate medicines, and businesses can’t operate at full capacity. Sustainable and reliable access to energy enables people to work their way out of poverty, and not just by powering basic services. It also allows people to connect to mobile networks and the internet, which unlocks many more learning and business opportunities.
  • Goal 8

    Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
    • By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
    • Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
    • Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
    • By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
    • Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
    • Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
    • By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization
    Wherever you live in the world, being able to find secure and fairly paid work is a big priority for most people. This goal is about creating decent jobs for everyone, as well as annual economic growth of at least 7% in the very poorest countries. All whilst improving fair pay, environmental protection, opportunities for women, youth and people with disabilities, and cracking down on forced and child labour. Now that would be a job well done.
  • Goal 9

    Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation
    Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
    • By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
    • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
    • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 18
    • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
    Infrastructure is all about easy movement and connectivity. It’s the roads, rails and airports we need to trade goods, supply food to shops and medicines to clinics. It’s the water, electricity and internet that’s crucial to our daily lives. Investing in technology and innovation would unlock the unlimited knowledge and connective potential of the internet for everyone, and create more jobs in this sector for developing countries.
  • Goal 10

    • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
    • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
    • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
    • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
    • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
    7 out of 10 people live in countries where economic inequality is worse than it was 30 years ago. Inequality fuels crime, corruption and poverty, so this goal is essential for a better world for all of us. We need to make sure that more overseas aid reaches the poorest people and the poorest countries, so no-one is left behind. We need to make sure that governments and international bodies adopt policies that promote equal opportunities for all.
  • Goal 11

    • By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
    • By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport
    • By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
    • Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
    • By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
    • By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
    • By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
    More than half of us now live in towns and cities, and with migration and population growth, that proportion is set to keep rising. But for the poorest people, that often means living in slums where conditions are dire. Open sewers, dangerous buildings, disease and crime are just some of the problems residents face. As well as tackling living conditions in our cities, we need to improve transport and other infrastructure, and the purity of our water and air. Investing in better data about people in urban areas would mean governments could provide better services to everyone who lives there too.
  • Goal 12

    • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
    • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
    • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
    • By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
    We know the world’s natural resources are limited, but we’re using more water, mining more minerals and cutting down more forests than ever before. We’re also throwing more stuff away – a lot more. In 1900 the world generated 300,000 tons of rubbish a day. Fast forward 100 years to 2000, and that had shot up to 3 million tons per day. And what’s really crazy is that while 1 in 9 of us are hungry, every year a third of the food we produce is lost or wasted. So we not only need to consume less, we need to make sure it goes further.
  • Goal 13

    • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
    • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
    • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
    • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
    • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
    Climate change is hitting all the countries. Droughts, floods, rising sea levels, and extreme weather disasters are causing food shortages, destroying homes, and claiming lives in some of the poorest places in the world. This goal is about all of us doing more to tackle climate change. Every country needs to work through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and keep their climate promises.
  • Goal 14

    • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
    • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of countries.
    Our oceans cover 71% of the earth’s surface so it’s easy to think there must be an endless supply of fish out there. But overfishing, climate change and pollution have had a devastating impact on the whole marine ecosystem. Millions of people rely on fishing to make a living, and even more of us rely on the nutrition that eating fish and seafood provides.
  • Goal 15

    • By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
    • By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
    This goal is about looking after the land we live on, as well as the plants and animals who call those places home. Not just because we should preserve the natural beauty and diversity of our planet, but because as humans we rely on the natural world for our very survival.
  • Goal 16

    • Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.
    • By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organised crime.
    • Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.
    • Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.
    • Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.
    • Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.
    • By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.
    Injustice, corruption, a lack of access to information or a way to hold leaders to account will undermine development everywhere. Conflict tears families living normal lives from their homes, and turns them into refugees fighting for survival overnight. That’s why this goal is crucial in the fight against extreme poverty. Citizens should be able to have a say in how their country is run. They should be able to get hold of data that shows what governments and companies are doing, and hold them to account for their actions. It sounds simple, but we also need to make sure every person is counted, so there are enough basic services like schools and hospitals for people to thrive.
  • Goal 17

    • Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
    • Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
    • Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
    • Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
    • Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships

    By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries One thing is certain, if we’re going to achieve the Global Goals, we all need to work together.

Global Sustainability Tenacity